Showing posts with label blown bitumen. Show all posts
Showing posts with label blown bitumen. Show all posts

February 3, 2016

Kuwait's Road Project


Mushrif Trading and Contracting Company (MTCC), a leading civil construction firm, said it has been awarded a KD14 million ($46 million) contract for road works aimed at improving traffic flow at Al Bidda Roundabout in the Kuwait City.

The MTCC contract signed by Ministry of Public Works is one of several projects in its pipeline to upgrade and improve the country's road network. It is expected to be completed in the next two years.

Located on the city's eastern coastline where Al Blajat Street meets Al Ta'awon Street and the Fifth Ring Road, Al Bidda Roundabout is a busy junction that often suffers from a slowdown in the flow of traffic.

Given existent construction in the area surrounding Al Bidda Roundabout, no changes will be made to its current size and shape, said a statement from the contractor.

As per the deal, Mushrif 's role will be to construct a grade separated interchange at a north-south axis along the coastal roads, said a senior official.

"Mushrif has been a long-standing partner to the Ministry of Public Works on several projects over the last four decades and has delivered over 20 road projects since," remarked its chief executive Chris Preece.

"We are proud to be an integral part of Kuwait's ongoing development efforts and it's not only about improving traffic conditions, but playing a lead role in 'building' Kuwait," he stated.

According to Preeece, this is the second road contract to be awarded to Mushrif within the last four months.

"We had outbid nine major international and local contractors with an offer at KD82.8 million ($272 million) for ministry tender for a 40-km road serving new developments in the cities of Sabah Al Ahmad and Mina Abdulla including the Mina Abdulla industrial area, and allow for safe access to and from Al Wafra," he added.

In addition to protecting and relocating utilities in the area, Mushrif will be managing traffic during the construction phase to keep the busy Al Bidda Roundabout operational as per Ministry of Interior (MoI) requirements, revealed Preece.

It will also work closely with MoI to install ducting, cabling and CCTV masts for future traffic surveillance and management, while relocating existing security cameras, he added.-

Source - TradeArabia News Service

January 16, 2016

Green Bitumen from Canada

PACIFIC FUTURE ENERGY, which is planning to build the world’s “greenest bitumen-to-fuels refinery” in Canada has announced plans to transport bitumen to the refinery by rail in a near-solid “neatbit” state.
The company initially announced that it would build the C$15bn (US$10bn) refinery on the British Columbian coast back in 2014, and would export refined products, rather than raw bitumen, to Asia. It has now submitted a full formal project description, produced by SNC Lavalin, to Canadian regulators. The refinery will refine bitumen from oilsands in western Canada.
Bitumen is usually transported by pipeline as “dilbit”, a diluted, more fluid version containing about 70% bitumen and 30% diluent, or by rail as “railbit”, which contains around 88% bitumen. Pacific Future Energy, however, believes that transporting neatbit, which is as the name suggests, 100% bitumen, is more environmentally sound. 
The company describes neatbit as having “a consistency similar to peanut butter”, which does not flow unless heated. It has very low flammability, is stable, and is classified as non-dangerous for transport. In the rare chance of a train derailment or a crash, the bitumen could not flow anywhere and would be much easier to clean up, minimising environmental damage. 
First Nations groups and environmentalists alike have criticised plans for pipelines through pristine landscapes. In addition, Pacific Future Energy has pledged to use TC-117 railcars, a new model specifically designed for oil transport.
Pacific Future Energy has selected an area known as the Dubose Flats in which to build the 200,000 bbl/d refinery. The refinery will be powered by wood waste biomass, from the local forestry industry, and the company claims its net carbon emissions will be near zero. 
Exporting refined products will pose less of a risk than raw bitumen to the marine environment in the case of a spill. The refinery is expected to create 3,500 jobs during construction and 1,000 during operation.
“Not only would our proposal provide a value-added way to get Canadian oil to growing world markets, but it would also protect both Canada’s land and marine environments from the effects of a heavy oil or bitumen spill,” said CEO Robert Delamar.
Pacific Future Energy will consult with Canada’s First Nations, the Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency the British Columbia Environmental Assessment Office and the public as it finalises plans for the refinery. The company hopes to begin construction in 2018, with startup scheduled for 2021.
Several other bitumen refining plants are planned on the British Columbia coast, including by Eagle Spirit Energy and newspaper tycoon David Black.

January 4, 2016

New Asphalt & Emulsion Terminal

Ergon Asphalt & Emulsions, Inc., (Ergon A&E) announced today it has been approved to move forward with construction on a new asphalt terminal in Manor, TX. Construction on the facility, which will span some 27 acres, is set to begin in early 2016 with an anticipated completion preceding the 2017 road construction and paving season.

The Manor terminal will house neat and polymer modified asphalt products used in paving and asphalt emulsion production. The facility’s bulk storage will provide the capabilities to support Ergon A&E’s Texas emulsion plants, in addition to marketing paving and sealing-grade hot products.

The new terminal will be located approximately 15 miles from the Austin city center with prime access to nearby interstate thoroughfares for direct customer sales. The terminal will be served by both inbound rail and truck receipt capabilities.

Upon completion of the new Manor terminal, the facility will bring between 10-15 new jobs to the area including positions in operations, sales & marketing, management and facility maintenance.

About Ergon Asphalt & Emulsions, Inc.

Ergon Asphalt & Emulsions, Inc., is an Ergon company, and the premier asphalt and emulsions marketer in North America. Its manufacturing network encompasses more than 30 asphalt and emulsions facilities located from Coast-to-Coast. The company is an industry-recognized leader for road maintenance education and innovation with quality neat and polymer modified asphalt products and emulsions, in addition to a family of cost-effective pavement preservation solutions engineered to maintain the integrity of transportation networks.

About Ergon, Inc.

Ergon, Inc. is a privately held company based in Jackson, MS, that operates under six primary business segments: Refining & Marketing, Asphalt & Emulsions, Transportation & Terminaling, Oil & Gas, Real Estate, and Corporate & Other.

Source - Businesswire

December 21, 2015

Roads that De-Ice themselves

As winter approaches, shops, cities and householders are stocking up on salt, gravel and sand in anticipation of slippery roads. However this annual ritual in colder climates might quickly grow to be pointless. Researchers report in ACS’ journal Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Analysis a brand new street materials that would de-ice itself.

Each winter, when climate forecasters predict snow or icy circumstances, native governments deploy vans that mud roads with salt, or different chemical mixtures to assist forestall ice build-up. Residents escape their very own provide to maintain their walkways and driveways from freezing over and turning into dangerously slick.

However the de-icer does not keep on the streets for lengthy. Melting snow and automobiles driving by wash or pressure it off, making re-application crucial. To interrupt this cycle, Seda Kizilel and colleagues needed to see if they might devise a method to ice-proof the street itself.

The researchers began with the salt potassium formate and mixed it with the polymer styrene-butadiene-styrene. They added this combination to bitumen, a serious element of asphalt.

The ensuing materials was simply as sturdy as unmodified bitumen, and it considerably delayed ice formation in lab research. The brand new composite launched de-icing salt for 2 months within the lab, however the results might final even longer when used on actual roads, the researchers observe.

In that occasion, the salt-polymer composite can be evenly embedded all through the asphalt. Thus, as automobiles and vans drive over and put on away the pavement, the salt might regularly be launched—probably for years.

Extra info: Derya Aydın et al. Gelation-Stabilized Useful Composite-Modified Bitumen for Anti-icing Functions, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Analysis (2015).

Summary
Ionic salts as anti-icing brokers have been extensively used to get rid of accumulation of ice on asphalt surfaces. Nevertheless, salt may be simply eliminated by rain or cars and requires frequent software on roads.

Apart from this financial consideration, anti-icing brokers compromise the mechanical properties of asphalt and have a adverse influence on dwelling organisms and the setting when utilized in giant quantities.

Incorporation of hydrophilic salts into bitumen, a hydrophobic asphalt binder, and managed launch of particular molecules from this hydrophobic medium can present an efficient answer for decreasing ice formation on pavements.

Bitumen has beforehand been modified by numerous polymers, together with styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS) for improved power and thermomechanical properties. Nevertheless, an anti-icing perform was not thought-about in these earlier designs. In a earlier research, we developed a useful polymer composite consisting of potassium formate (HCOOK) salt pockets dissolved in a hydrophilic gel medium and dispersed in a hydrophobic SBS polymer matrix.

Right here, we developed an revolutionary technique to acquire polymer composite-modified bitumen and investigated additional the anti-icing properties of the practical bitumen. We improved incorporation of this polymer composite into bitumen and demonstrated correct distribution of the composite inside bitumen by means of morphological and rheological evaluation.

We characterised the anti-icing properties of modified bitumen surfaces and demonstrated vital will increase in freezing delay of composite-modified bitumen in comparison with base bitumen in a temperature- and humidity-controlled chamber. As well as, we characterised the discharge of HCOOK salt from polymer composite-modified bitumen and noticed salt launch inside the vary of 1.07–10.eight% (w/w) in 67 days, relying on the composite content material. The outcomes show the potential of this polymer composite-modified bitumen for anti-icing performance and for industrially related purposes.

Source- Sunnews Journal

December 15, 2015

Heavy Crude Spill Study

Refugio Rupture Informs Heavy Crude Spill Study
Environmental Consequence of Diluted Bitumen Spills Analyzed

A new study states that diluted bitumen, a raw material used as a feedstock in oil refineries, turns into a “heavy, viscous, particle-laden residue” after days of exposure, say, in ocean water after an incident like the Refugio Oil Spill.

That’s not unlike the type of oil found on the beach and in the water by the people who attempted to restore the shore this past May.

The heavy crude that befouled Refugio may not literally be diluted bitumen, explained UCSB geochemist David Valentine, but it has characteristics that are more like diluted bitumen than the lighter oils to which current spill response is tailored.

For instance, heavy crude tends to sink instead of float on the surface, and it is very sticky. Valentine is among the authors of the paper and also a scientist researching the aftermath of Refugio, which gave a first-hand case study of spill response.

The environmental risks of crude oil transport have been recognized since Santa Barbara’s blowout in 1969, the study says, and the 2010 bitumen spill into Michigan’s Kalamazoo River, among others, caused the Department of Transportation (DOT) to ask scientists if the potential environmental consequences of a bitumen spill were significantly different from a spill of “light” or “medium” crude.

Often extracted from tar sands, bitumen is too viscous to flow readily through pipelines, and oil producers commonly dilute it with lighter oils or condensed natural gas for pipeline transport. The study, titled “Spills of Diluted Bitumen from Pipelines:

A Comparative Study of Environmental Fate, Effects, and Response,” explains that “weathering” causes rapid physical and chemical changes to diluted bitumen after a spill, making it stickier and more dense than water.

The heavy crude from Canadian tar sands is commonly diluted, and the study lays out the Keystone pipeline proposal to move crude from Canada and other existing and proposed pipelines around the nation. (Though the study states the majority of California’s crude is moved through heated pipes, in Santa Barbara County, the main transport pipelines are insulated, not heated, and carry oil that has been heated and blended with natural gas liquids, according to the county’s Energy Division.)

The report, prepared for the DOT and published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, also states its findings translate to transport such as truck and rail.

“Although many differences between diluted bitumen and other crude oils are well established, some remaining areas of uncertainty hamper effective responses to spills,” said Valentine, a professor of microbial geochemistry in the Department of Earth Science, in a UCSB press release.

“Further research is needed in a range of areas, including the ecological and human health risks posed by weathered diluted bitumen, techniques to capture submerged oil in moving water, and the application of advanced chemical approaches to understand the compositional changes to diluted bitumen in the environment.”

Given the new information about diluted bitumen, the report makes recommendations that the Coast Guard reclassify the substance as a nonfloating oil and that the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) create a database to predict possible locations of future bitumen spills.

It further advises the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), which is a branch of the DOT, to modify transport rules to recognize the special hazards presented by diluted bitumen.

Source- The Independent

November 19, 2015

Bitumen Refinery Champion

Chamber recognizes proponents of bitumen refinery project

Bowman Centre lauded as 'Resource Champion'

The Sarnia Lambton Chamber of Commerce has presented a Resource Champion award to the Bowman Centre. Pictured, from left, are Don Wood (of the Bowman Centre); Rob Taylor, chair of the Sarnia Lambton Chamber of Commerce; Katherine Albion, director of the Bowman Centre; and Walter Petryschuk, a Bowman Centre associate.
 The Sarnia Lambton Chamber of Commerce has presented a Resource Champion award to the Bowman Centre. Pictured, from left, are Don Wood (of the Bowman Centre); Rob Taylor, chair of the Sarnia Lambton Chamber of Commerce; Katherine Albion, director of the Bowman Centre; and Walter Petryschuk, a Bowman Centre associate.
A group of individuals who continue to advocate for what could, if they are successful, be one of Sarnia-Lambton’s largest commercial projects in decades has been recognized by the Sarnia Lambton Chamber of Commerce.
The Bowman Centre, which is based at the Western Research Park Sarnia-Lambton, was singled out for the award at a ceremony last Friday.
“This group has dedicated an enormous amount of time and considerable expertise to create prosperity in Sarnia-Lambton,” said Rob Taylor, chair of the Sarnia Lambton Chamber of Commerce, referring to several individuals who were in attendance.
Those included Walter Petryschuk, an associate who has spent much of his career in Chemical Valley (he was once plant manager at the former Polysar complex); Don Wood, also an associate; and Katherine Albion, who is director of the Bowman Centre.
One of the major initiatives at the Bowman Centre is a proposed Sarnia-Lambton Advanced Bitumen Energy Refinery—SABER—an initiative that came from a conference held in Sarnia in 2013.
A precipitous fall in oil prices since then has clearly presented a challenge, although it has also sparked a degree of flexibility.
One example of that, says Wood, is reducing the initial scale of the proposed project, along with the inclusion of bio-feedstocks and even the product mix being proposed for SABER.
The core idea behind the project remains consistent, says Petryschuk.
“The fact is, we’re losing billions of dollars in potential added value by not refining bitumen in Canada,” he says. “that, to me, is almost criminal.”
The SABER project hasn’t altered the Bowman Centre’s vision and the existing pipeline infrastructure is sufficient to make the project viable.
Petryschuk also credited the support of the community and various volunteers with the Bowman Centre for their contributions. “Without them, we just wouldn’t get this job done,” he says.

November 2, 2015

Mining Bitumen or Mercury ?

Mercury levels around the Alberta oilsands are 16 times higher than background loads, with contamination taking on the shape of a 'bull's-eye' over the region, say Environment Canada scientists.

Speaking at the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry conference in Nashville, Environment Canada researchers Jane Kirk and Derek Muir said mercury levels are at their highest concentration in the immediate area of oilsands operations but extend out to cover a 19,000-square-kilometre area, Postmedia reports.

“Here we have a direct source of methyl mercury being emitted in this region and deposited to the landscapes and water bodies,” Kirk told Postmedia.

“So come snowmelt that methyl mercury is now going to enter lakes and rivers where potentially it could be taken up directly by organisms and then bioaccumulated and biomagnified though food webs.”

Kirk did quantify her findings by pointing out the fact mercury loadings around the oilsands region are still lower than in heavy coal-consuming areas of North America, such as southern Ontario and Quebec.

Kirk's findings come on the heels of a study released in October that found rising traces of mercury in bird eggs downstream from the oilsands.

The study, which was conducted by the Joint Oil Sands Monitoring (JOSM) program, a federal-provincial initiative, is the third peer-reviewed study since 2010 to show mercury levels increasing in the ecosystem in the region, the Globe and Mail reported.

Scientists have expressed concerns over the levels of mercury in the area due to the fact the element accumulates as it moves its way up the food chain.

Concerns over resource extraction in the Mackenzie River basin was such that the Canadian Medical Association recently called for a medical investigation into the health risks and effects that some allege are associated with the industry.

A University of Calgary health study is also expected to be carried out in the near future to encompass the Athabasca Chipewyan First Nation, the Nunee Health Authority and the Fort McKay Metis community.

Kirk's study, which is expected to be published early this year, highlights what is becoming a hostile business environment for the province's oil industry.

Pipeline projects, which are critical if Alberta oil players are to remain viable, remain under threat of environmental and health pressures in the U.S., in neighbouring B.C. and, to a lesser degree, in Ontario and Quebec.

A thriving oilsands sector is also in the best interest of the Alberta government, which has closely tied its fortunes to the windfall of revenue created by the energy industry in the province.

When the Alberta government found itself unable to balance its budget in 2013, it blamed it on low revenues from the energy sector due to low prices paid for oilsands bitumen and limited pipeline infrastructure.

source- The Huffington Post

October 30, 2015

Bitumen Blend Loosing out to Cheaper Crude Oil But Gaining over straight run Fuel Oil


Demand for imported crude, petroleum bitumen blend and straight-run fuel oil by independent teapot refineries in China's eastern Shandong province was more or less steady this week, despite narrowing refining margins on lower local oil product prices.

But teapot refineries that have recently been granted both import quotas and import licenses for crude oil continued to take in crude cargoes, particularly largest Shandong teapot refiner Dongming Petrochemical.

The 7.5 million mt/year (150,000 b/d) Dongming has received a 240,000-mt cargo shipped from the Gulf of Mexico at Rizhao port early this week, adding to imports of 350,000 mt earlier this month. The latest shipment brings the total volume of crude imported under its import quota of 6 million mt/year to 2.84 million mt.

Adding on to the volume received by four other Shandong teapot refineries with import quotas, teapot refineries have imported a total of around 3.74 million mt of crude since end-July, when Dongming took its first cargo.

The four refineries are: Sinochem Hongrun Petrochemical, Kenli Petrochemical, Yatong Petrochemical and Lihuayi Petrochemical -- better known as Lijin.

For November, the 3.5 million mt/year Yatong Petrochemical is taking in a crude cargo much larger -- possibly a VLCC -- than its first import cargo comprising 60,000 mt of Indonesian Duri crude in mid-October, said a source from the refinery. But details, including the crude grade, of its planned November import could not be ascertained.

Meanwhile, the 3.5 million mt/year Lijin Petrochemical, which is scheduled to restart from an ongoing full turnaround in early November, has not fixed any imported crude cargoes for the coming month so far.

Shandong's teapot refineries are able to crack crude and fuel oil, but they have been using less imported fuel oil since November 2014 because of relatively high procurement costs.

After the government granted teapot refineries access to imported crude, crude has been the top feedstock choice, while bitumen blend is still considered favorable for those that have no access to both domestic and imported crude.

THREE BITUMEN BLEND CARGOES HEARD FIXED FOR NOV SO FAR

Demand for petroleum bitumen blend among Shandong teapot refiners remained thin over the week, with around three cargoes heard so far fixed for November delivery.

This compares with an estimate 530,000 mt of bitumen blend imports, in five cargoes, into Shandong ports in October.

The latest arrival is a 97,000-mt cargo from Malaysia into Rizhao port this week, taken by the 3 million mt/year Yuhuang Petrochemical. The supplier was heard to have resold the cargo to Yuhuang -- which earlier had no plans to buy bitumen blend for October -- after the original buyer decided not to take the cargo.

Still, overall estimated bitumen blend imports in October were lower than September's imports of 1.1 million mt in 12 cargoes.

The fall in bitumen blend imports was attributed to more teapot refineries being allowed to import crude, freeing up domestic crude supply to other refiners and displacing the share of bitumen blend in refiners' feedstock mix as a result.

Adding to this, Shandong customs officials have been scrutinizing imports of bitumen blend more closely since end-September in a bid to identify misrepresented fuel oil cargoes. This has led some teapot refineries to suspend their import activities for the time being.

Premiums of November-delivery common grade bitumen blend cargoes are now heard lower, at around $20-$25/mt to the Mean of Platts Singapore 380 CST high sulfur fuel oil assessments on a CFR basis, from MOPS 380 CST HSFO assessments plus $27-$30/mt, CFR, last heard for October cargoes.

Common grade bitumen blend has a density of 0.98-0.99 kg/l, sulfur content of 2%-3% and carbon residue of 12%-14%.

And in the domestic spot market, bitumen blend prices were heard to have fallen to around Yuan 2,200/mt this week, from Yuan 2,300/mt last week, due to weak buying interest from teapot refiners.

Teapot refineries in Shandong -- China's main buyers of imported straight-run fuel oil before November 2014 -- have largely switched to comparatively cheaper bitumen blend that does not incur consumption tax and import tariffs.

ONE M100 FUEL OIL CARGO FIXED FOR NOVEMBER, POSSIBLY TO SHANDONG

On Russian M100 fuel oil, western trader Mercuria was understood to have chartered the Cap Laurent to load 100,000 mt of M100 fuel oil from Russia's Kozmino this week to northern China, possible to Shandong.

And on Thursday, a 90,000-mt combination cargo of M100 and straight-run fuel oil had arrived at Longkou port. Regular M100 importer Hengyuan Petrochemical was heard as the buyer.

M100 fuel oil cargoes for early November delivery were heard talked at premiums of around $50/mt to MOPS 180 CST fuel oil assessments on a CFR basis, steady from last levels heard for October, but down from premiums of $55/mt for September.

Still, teapot refiners see the latest premium levels as too high, sources said.

Meanwhile, eyes are on Russian state-owned Rosneft's upcoming M100 term supply for loading over January-December 2016.

Rosneft currently has a term contract for 2.8 million mt of M100 for loading over January-December 2015 from Nakhodka or Vanino with Mercuria, at a term premium of around $85-$88/mt to MOPS 180 CST HSFO assessment on a FOB basis.

--Staff, newsdesk@platts.com
--Edited by Irene Tang, irene.tang@platts.com
 
 Singapore (Platts)--29 Oct 2015 723 am EDT/1123 GMT
-- Source Link

October 21, 2015

Bitumen Market Research Report 2015

Global Bitumen Market (Paving Bitumen, Oxidized Bitumen, Cutback Bitumen, Bitumen Emulsion, Polymer Modified Bitumen and Others) for Roadways, Waterproofing, Adhesives, Insulation and Other Applications -

Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast, 2014 - 2020
102 pages   Published Date: 2014-09-09  

Bitumen is primarily used as a binder in road construction along with other applications such as electronics, waterproofing for roofing, and in adhesives due to its resistance to water, insulation properties and high durability.

The properties of bitumen can be altered by adding polymers to it, thereby increasing its application scope. Bitumen is known as “asphalt” or “asphalt cement” in North America.

However, “asphalt” is a term used for a mixture of sand, small stones and other filler materials in the rest of the world. This mixture contains about 5% of bitumen. The mixture is known as “asphalt concrete” or more particularly “blacktop” in North America.

Bitumen is available in a number of grades based upon the standard mentioned by certain tests such as penetration test. Bitumen 80/100, bitumen 60/70 and bitumen 40/50 are the most commonly used bitumen, where the numerical values represent hardness of bitumen.

Softer bitumen represents greater penetration units.

Similarly, VG-10, VG-20, VG-30 and VG-40 are the viscosity grades of bitumen. Thus, different grades of bitumen are often represented as bitumen 80/100/VG-10.

Infrastructure activities to improve road networks in developed and developing nations are expected to drive the growth of the bitumen market. Furthermore, increasing applications of polymer modified bitumen (PMB) as chemical additives and adhesives in household and road construction are anticipated to boost the demand for bitumen. Additionally, rising construction activities for industries, commercial buildings and housing are estimated to drive the demand for bitumen over the next six years. However, environmental issues associated with the extraction of bitumen from oil sands are projected to hamper market growth. Increasing substitution of bitumen by concrete is also likely to adversely affect the bitumen market. However, development of bio-based bitumen or bio-bitumen and its commercialization over the next few years is expected to offer opportunities for the bitumen market. Furthermore, development of bio-bitumen is anticipated to ease the production pressure on the depleting fossil fuel reserves.

Paving grade bitumen, which is used in roadway application as a binder for asphalt, was the largest consumed type of bitumen in 2013. It accounted for over 65% of the market share in 2013.

Polymer modified bitumen (PMB) is expected to be the fastest growing segment of the market due to its increasing demand in road construction and roofing applications. Polymer modified bitumen is increasingly used in construction of roadways and waterproofing applications as it offers various advantages such as heating at lower temperatures, ability to increase porosity of roads and enhancement of performance of the applications.

With over 80% share in 2013, road construction was the largest application segment for bitumen due to its high viscosity and stickiness.

Other applications of bitumen include its usage in roofing industry, paints and enamels, adhesives, automotives and decorative applications, and as an insulator in electrical and electronics industry.

Focus of national governments of China and India on improving road network and the consequent inclusion of the same in the five-year plans is anticipated to fuel growth of bitumen in Asia Pacific over the next six years.

However, waterproofing is expected to be the fastest growing application of bitumen during the forecast period, due to growth in infrastructure activities in developing countries such as China and India.

North America was the largest consumer of bitumen in 2013 due to the significant network of roads in the U.S. The region accounted for over 30% of the market in 2013.

Redevelopment and repair of existent roads accounts for the primary consumption of bitumen in this region. This is in contrast to emerging economies where the consumption is driven by development of new infrastructure.

However, Asia Pacific (including China) is expected to be the fastest growing market for bitumen during the forecast period due to rapid industrialization in the region. This is expected to drive infrastructure development in the next few years.

The bitumen market is highly fragmented, with the top eight companies accounting for approximately 39% of the total market share in 2013. Leading bitumen manufacturing companies include Shell Bitumen, NuStar Energy, ExxonMobil, Marathon Oil Company and Valero Energy Corporation.

Source - Transparency Market Research

October 20, 2015

Reverse Split and Merger- Sign of Consolidation in Bitumen Industry

(GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Epcylon Technologies, Inc. (OTC PINK:PRFC) ("Epcylon" or the "Company") announces that it has entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with Bitumen Capital Inc. (TSXV: BTM.H) ("Bitumen") whereby Bitumen and Epcylon will enter into an Asset Purchase Agreement (as defined hereunder) (the "Transaction") which will constitute Bitumen's qualifying transaction (the "Qualifying Transaction"), as per Policy 2.4 of the TSX Venture Exchange (the "Exchange" or "TSXV").

Pursuant to the terms of the MOU, subject to execution of a definitive asset purchase agreement ("Asset Purchase Agreement") and receipt of applicable regulatory and Exchange approvals, Bitumen will issue to Epcylon's shareholders 182,202,994 common shares of the CPC in exchange for all the assets of the Company, as further agreed upon by the Parties. The MOU is intended to be binding upon the Parties until execution of the definitive Asset Purchase Agreement.

There are currently 13,150,001 common shares of the CPC issued and outstanding and 1,315,000 allotted stock options entitling the holders, certain officers and directors of Bitumen to acquire common shares of the CPC (the "Stock Option(s)"). Each Stock Option entitles its holder to acquire a common share of the CPC at a price of $0.10 per common share at any time up to October 17, 2017. Upon completion of the Transaction, all of the 1,315,000 issued and outstanding Stock Options to officers and directors of Bitumen shall be cancelled.

Prior to closing of the Transaction, Bitumen will complete a reverse split of its common shares consisting in one (1) old share for 0.538 new shares, resulting in an aggregate number of 7,000,000 issued and outstanding common shares of Bitumen.

Current shareholders of Bitumen will hold approximately 3.7 per cent and current holders of the Company will hold approximately 96.3 per cent of the resulting issuer's common shares issued and outstanding before giving effect to the Private Placement described below.

The Transaction is not a "Non-Arm's Length Transaction" under the Exchange's policies.

Concurrently with the Qualifying Transaction, the parties intend to complete a non brokered private placement for total proceeds of USD$1,000,000 consisting of secured convertible debentures with a three (3) year term and yielding at 8 per cent at a price of US$0.20 per secured convertible debenture and one half share purchase warrant, each whole share purchase warrant entitling its holder to purchase one common share of the Resulting Issuer at a price of USD$0.30 per common share within 24 months from the date of the issuance of the warrant (the "Private Placement").

Closing and final acceptance of the Transaction are subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions, including the completion of a satisfactory due diligence, the execution of the Asset Purchase Agreement, obtaining required approval by shareholders, if applicable, third party and regulatory authorities and completion of the Private Placement. There are no guarantees that the Qualifying Transaction will be completed as proposed or at all.

- See more at: http://globenewswire.com/news-release/2015/10/19/777358/10152877/en/Epcylon-Technologies-Inc-Enters-Into-MOU-With-Bitumen-Capital.html#sthash.dPRf10Fj.dpuf

November 3, 2014

Bitumen Extraction Solvent Technology ( BEST)

 
Canada through Sustainable Development Technology Canada (SDTC) and the Government of Alberta through the Climate Change and Emissions Management Fund (CCEMC), its pilot project of Bitumen Extraction Solvent Technology (BEST) near Fort McMurray has reached a milestone of 25,000 barrels of oil production since its start-up in spring 2014. The patented technology in the BEST process is a water-free technology and produces 80-85 percent lower Green House Gas (GHG) emissions during extraction.


N-Solv Corporation (N-Solv) is pleased to announce that, with funding from the Government of

"Our Government's investments are supporting Canadian skilled jobs and improving environmental outcomes," said the Honourable Greg Rickford, Canada's Minister of Natural Resources. "This technology serves as one example of how government and industry are further enhancing responsible development of Canada's abundant energy resources."

 "The pilot project clearly demonstrates that the science works. Reaching 25,000 barrels of production is on its own a major step in validating the technology, but we have also achieved that without any significant interruptions along the way, which speaks to the robustness of the process," said Dr. John Nenniger, N-Solv's CEO. "N-Solv has been fielding requests for scaled-up projects; we are reviewing them on a reservoir by reservoir basis."

"N-Solv's technology is proving to be of significant potential," said Murray Smith, N-Solv Vice-President of Business Development and former Alberta Energy Minister.

The N-Solv Bitumen Extraction Solvent Technology process utilizes the proven horizontal well technology developed for steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD), but differs in that it does not use any water. Instead, N-Solv uses warm propane or butane, which is injected as a vapor and condenses underground, washing the valuable compounds out of the bitumen.

In addition to the environmental significance of N-Solv's technology, it has lower operating and capital costs than other oilsands extraction techniques, and it produces lighter, more valuable oil through its solvent-based recovery process.

Alberta's oilsands contain over 170 billion barrels of recoverable oil, the third largest crude oil resource in the world. Eighty percent of that oil is too deep in the ground to be mined and so it is produced using in situ processes. Applicable to many in situ reservoirs, N-Solv's technology can also be particularly effective in thin bitumen zones and shallow reservoir environments.

Calgary-based, privately held N-Solv Corporation was founded a decade ago to develop new technologies that produce cleaner and more sustainable energy from the oilsands. The company holds a significant intellectual property related to the technology and has received grant support from the Canadian and Alberta governments through Sustainable Development Technology Canada (SDTC) and the Climate Change and Emissions Management Corporation (CCEMC). N-Solv Corporation is making access to its technology available to the industry through numerous business models, including various forms of licensing as well as partnerships in projects.

"We are so proud of N-Solv for achieving this significant milestone and for helping to revolutionize oil extraction technologies," said Jane Pagel, interim CEO of SDTC, "It is technologies like these that help to create jobs, revenue, economic growth and export opportunities for Canada. This company is a true testament to the cleantech sector and SDTC is excited to see where N-Solv goes next."
 
The CCEMC focuses on stimulating transformative change by funding projects that reduce greenhouse gas emissions and help Alberta adapt to climate change. Funding for the CCEMC is sourced from Alberta's large industrial emitters. In Alberta, large emitters have a mandatory legislated requirement to achieve specified reductions of greenhouse gases. If they're unable to reach their target, one option is to pay a levy of $15 per tonne into the Climate Change and Emissions Management Fund. The fund is administered by the Government of Alberta and the CCEMC receives grants from the fund to support its work.
Funded by the Government of Canada, Sustainable Development Technology Canada helps move Canadian clean technologies forward, readying them for growth and export markets. With a portfolio of companies under management valued at more than $2 billion, SDTC is demonstrating that cleantech is a driver of jobs, productivity and economic prosperity.

Source- Newswire.ca

October 27, 2014

Mixing Bitumen with Fuel

It is possible to sell marine fuel oil or petrol under the guise of bitumen.

This happened in Saudi Arbia and the Asian importers mixed petrol with bitumen and called it as Cut-back bitumen. Hence Saudi has stopped/ banned export of bitumen itself a few years ago. Now it is the Russian trun.. pls read on.

It became known today that Moscow threatens Minsk to launch an investigation over a sharp 95-fold increase in the export of bitumen mixes. Economist Leanid Zaika told charter97.org about possible results of the investigation and the Kremlin's reaction.

– An investigation will be carried out anyway, because Belarusian chemists appeared to be too creative with their solvents and bitumen mixes. These are heavy oil fractions. They can have different concentration and be sold as bitumen mixes, fuel oil and pure petrol,” he said.

– Why does Belarus continues its dubious business after the scandal with “solvents”?
– This is the initiative of our business. It happens so that Belarusian businessmen have a passion for chemistry. It seems that two oil refineries are enough to make permitted products, sell petrol and diesel fuel, but they want to invent something new.

The current situation with Russia is so that except for being a gentleman's rule, the compliance with contractual obligations is an argument in comparing approaches and results. The Kremlin will not close its eye to it, especially taking into account falling prices of oil and, therefore, oil products. Russia's oil trade balance is behind that of Switzerland. This country exports more oil than Russia! Russia has to count every dollar. In addition, it was permitted to use the difference between internal and external prices, which is called the export duty. It is an ingenious invention of Russians. Marx followers in the Kremlin probably did a great work. So, they need to deal with the problem that appeared recently.

As for refining, we are likely to receive 23 tonnes of oil next year and have to get satisfied with it. Belarus is addicted to oil. If Russia uses Spice drugs, we kill our economy with cheap oil. Certain businessmen try to earn on it. It is a very complicated scheme that needs the approval of the country's highest officials. If you want to take different petroleum products and call them bitumen mixes, you need to have the approval of both chiefs of marketing departments and top-ranking officials.

– Are the authorities involved in this business?
– Top officials are involved in everything. You can see a master hand everything in Belarus. The “master” even knows how to write books. Oil refining cannot go without him.

– What consequences will Belarus face if the investigation reveals the bitumen scheme?
– There will be quiet talks on the phone. Various excuses are possible – bad financial situation, newly discovered old problems. There's no sense for the authorities to stir up a conflict.

Source- Charter97

October 17, 2014

Return of the Bitumen Bubble

The Author discusses the Bitumen Bubble in waiting if the curdue oil price falls below USD 80.

Just when you think you're finding your way out of the woods, there's that damned Bitumen Bubble again.
This time, it's crude oil prices that are declining -- or, as they say in journalese, the official language of the Internet, "plummeting."

This is handy for conservatives once they're elected and want to cut the crap out of public services they promised to protect, but not so good in the lead-up to an election during the phase when conservative governments of all stripes go into a tax-and-spend-liberal-spree mode and shower dollars on electors.
The special problem facing newly selected Progressive Conservative Premier Jim Prentice out here on the western edge of the Great Aspen Parklands is that his principal opponent in the upcoming Oct. 27 mini-election, in which he hopes to get his own place in the Legislature and a couple more for his two unelected cabinet members, is another conservative party.

Before October 27 and certainly before the next general election, the Wildrose Party under would-be premier Danielle Smith will scream if the budget isn't balanced, and large numbers of cherry-picking voters will grow surly and disagreeable if it is, leastways if that means their particular enthusiasms aren't fully funded.
Imagine how much easier things would be for Prentice's PCs if the official Opposition party were the NDP!

Well, New Democrats will be working on that this weekend in Edmonton, but in the meantime the premier is just going to have to figure out a way to live with the cranky deficit scolds from the Wildrose opposition who don't have the disadvantage of having to actually run the place at the same time as they're trying to live down fired premier Alison Redford’s gruesome reputation.

It's always astonishing to me that conservative politicians -- who supposedly have the inside track on thinking like business people -- can’t figure out that commodity prices are cyclical. In other words, this week's oil-prices-are-too-low crisis can turn overnight in to an oil-prices-are-too-high crisis, and Prentice most certainly hopes it does.

Meanwhile, a new public opinion poll by ThinkHQ Public Affairs suggests Prentice's PCs are enjoying a bit of a honeymoon bounce -- although not necessarily where they need it the most for the four upcoming by-elections, three of which are in Calgary and one here in Edmonton.

ThinkHQ President Marc Henry's take Tuesday on these numbers was that "Tory fortunes have turned sharply positive" and, moreover, "the momentum shift is in the Tories' favour."

ThreeHundredEight.com author Eric Grenier's analysis of the same numbers yesterday, however, was that while the poll shows the Prentice PCs are closer to the Wildrose popularity numbers than they've been for a while, the Wildrose is doing well enough in Calgary it will be hard for the government to win all four seats.
So, from the PC perspective, this close to four crucial and highly symbolic by-elections was probably not the right moment for the media to start chanting gloom and doom about oil prices at the shocking thought of oil descending to a mere $82 per barrel.

Meanwhile, also yesterday, without any fanfare whatsoever, the government quietly issued a proclamation repealing the Redford Government's draconian Bill 46. That law -- technically known as the Public Service Salary Restraint Act -- would have enabled the government to order the Alberta Union of Provincial Employees back to work with a truly crappy contract had not the Alberta Court of Queen's Bench intervened last February and granted the union an injunction blocking the law's application.

The court's scathing ruling -- which excoriated the Redford government for bargaining in bad faith and other labour relations sins -- blew the government's entire strategy for dealing with its public service unions to smithereens.

In a way, the repeal of Bill 46 is meaningless -- a negotiated deal with AUPE after the injunction was issued having effectively rendered it moot.

Nevertheless, it can hardly have been unintended that one of the few remaining relics of Redford's bizarre anti-labour legislative agenda was tossed over the side the day before AUPE’s 38th annual convention was scheduled to start. That meeting will commence at 9:00 this morning with 800 or so AUPE members belting out Solidarity Forever.

Prentice's hope, it is said here, must have been that the symbolism of this will remind unionized public employees of the dangers of voting for an even more conservative party than the PCs.

However, still remaining on the law books, sort of, is the odious Bill 45 -- the Public Sector Services Continuation Act, which effectively banned free speech by all Albertans if they happened to feel like advocating a public service strike.

This bill was given Royal Assent on the same day as Bill 46 -- December 11, 2013, another December day that shall live in infamy -- but was never proclaimed by the chicken-hearted Redford Tories, presumably to make it harder for the courts to get their hands on its self-evidently unconstitutional restrictions on free expression.

With Bill 46 on the floor where it belongs, one hopes Prentice will soon drop his party's other remaining legislative shoe as well.

This post also appears on David Climenhaga's blog, Alberta Diary.

By David J. Climenhaga

djclimenhaga's picture 
David Climenhaga, author of the Alberta Diary blog, is a journalist, author, journalism teacher, poet and trade union communicator who has worked in senior writing and editing positions with the Toronto Globe and Mail and the Calgary Herald. His 1995 book, A Poke in the Public Eye, explores the relationships among Canadian journalists, public relations people and politicians. He left journalism after the strike at the Calgary Herald in 1999 and 2000 to work for the trade union movement. Alberta Diary focuses on Alberta politics and social issues.

October 15, 2014

Recycling of Roof Bitumen

The Dutch Roofing Association (NDA) is partnering with Roof2Roof to recycle existing bitumen roofs into new roof shingles. This collaboration gives this recycling niche 'national momentum', the organisations state. 
 
Roof2Roof organises and facilitates the recycling of bitumen roofing in the Netherlands according to a cradle-to-cradle philosophy. 

'We have developed a new method for recycling bitumen waste and strive to realise recycling on the most sustainable level,' says founder Martin Smit. The recyclate is ultimately used to replace virgin resources in the manufacture of new roofing products. 

The first joint project has been launched in the historic town of Varsseveld in Gelderland and is hailed as 'the first step towards a single goal - zero waste'. 

The Dutch recycler claims it has recycled up to 45 tonnes of bitumen to date, said to equate to the carbon dioxide emissions of a car travelling 238 500 km. 

October 11, 2014

Grand Pipe Line for Bitumen Approved

The Alberta Energy Regulator has approved the $3-billion Grand Rapids oil pipeline with 26 conditions.

The pipeline is designed to ship up to 900,000 barrels of diluted bitumen per day from near Fort McMurray, Alta., to the Edmonton area.

Several of the conditions deal with the pipeline's route and others deal with enhanced environmental monitoring and mitigation to better protect wildlife and wetlands.The approval follows two weeks of hearings this summer.

The hearings were boycotted by the Athabasca Chipewyan First Nation, which is an aboriginal group that lives in Alberta's oilsands region.The First Nation criticized the process as too rushed and skewed in favour of the oil industry.

Landowners, First Nation raise concerns

The Grand Rapids hearing was the first by the Alberta Energy Regulator since it replaced the Energy Resources Conservation Board last year and took over duties from the province's environment department.
The Grand Rapids pipeline is a 50-50 partnership between Calgary-based TransCanada and a unit of PetroChina.

The Athabasca Chipewyan has called it the "mother of all pipelines," with a capacity nearly double what the proposed Northern Gateway pipeline would ship to the B.C. coast.

The First Nation has said more high-profile projects, such as Energy East and Keystone XL, would not be able to go ahead without volumes from Grand Rapids.

TransCanada has disputed that characterization, saying Energy East and Keystone XL don't hinge on Grand Rapids being built.

Grand Rapids pipeline project

The Grand Rapids pipeline project is a 50-50 partnership between Calgary-based TransCanada and a unit of PetroChina. (TransCanada)

Source- CBC News

October 7, 2014

Tanzania Produces Bitumen Emulsion

The first ever bituminous emulsion production has been commissioned in the country. The bituminous emulsion production plant owned by Starpeco Limited was inaugurated over the weekend in Dar es Salaam.

Bitumen emulsions generally belong to the oil-in-water type of emulsions where bitumen is dispersed in water with the aid of a small quantity of an emulsifying agent.

Bitumen emulsions are mainly used in road construction and maintenance. Starpeco Limited Managing Director, Mr Mratian Nshekanabo, told journalists that the availability and effective use of Emulsion product will change the Tanzania construction industry.

“The cold mix technique will change the way we are doing things in the construction and maintenance of roads,” he said. The MD said that the company was proud that the plant has been constructed, erected and finished to the best standard and practices.

“It is formulated and produced products match with international and regional standards,” he said. The plant can produce all types of bituminous emulsion with a capacity of 10,000 litres/hour. The plant is manufactured in Ukraine but its main controlling components (contractors, sensors etc) are from Italy and France.
Mr Nshekanabo said the plant will create direct employment to 25 people and more than 100 indirect jobs. “This will also create demand for other industries (Metal for drums), paint, transportation of plant inputs and outputs, Laboratories, chemicals,” he said.

The Acting Deputy Director, Rural and Urban Roads, Ministry of Works, Mr Hassan Matimbe, said the plant supports the country’s industrialisation efforts and will reduce the importation of Emulsion product and save the national foreign currency.

The company’s Senior Marketing Officer, Mr Jones Mkoka, noted that the plant supports Tanzania’s aim to transform the economy into a middle class.

“Industrialisation is one of the major factors of to realise this objective,” he said. He noted that Starpeco decided to invest in the emulsion bitumen plant in order to produce and make available emulsion bitumen in the country instead of importing.

The company also plans to sell the product which will trade as colabinder outside the country to the Great Lakes region where emulsion bitumen is not readily produced.

“By using emulsion bitumen the government, through Ministry of Works and TANROADS, will manage to reduce costs of roads construction and the funds can be reallocated to other uses,” he said.
According to experts, emulsion bitumen is the most economical bitumen binder in comparison with cut back bitumen binder as it uses water instead of kerosene (cutter).

“It is cheaper and environment-friendly,” he said. Colabinder will only cost between 20 per cent and 30 per cent less than present costs. In the region, emulsion bitumen is only produced in Kenya and Zambia.

October 3, 2014

Rubber Roads for Kerala

In order to extend a helping hand to the struggling 1 milllion plus growers across Kerala, the state government today decided to increase the use of  rubber based bitumen for making and repairing roads.

Chief minister Oommen Chandy has announced this today  after a cabinet meeting. Addressing a press briefing   he said that the Public Works Department (PWD) would order more from Bharat Petroleum Corporation’s Kochi Refinery.

Rubber growers are now in doldrums as the price had dropped almost 50% during last three years. The price of bench mark grade RSS-4 dropped to Rs 122/Kg from Rs 240, recorded in September, 2011.

He also said that the hike in land registration fee and will not be reduced or withdrawn. There are reports that today’s cabinet will consider a reduction in these on account of the public protest. He categorically denied this and said that the hike will be in effect from today onwards.

All the plastic boards across the state will be removed as part of a  Cleaning drive that starts from 2nd October. He said that all the flux boards of ministers will be removed immediately. Ministers will lead the drive in each district.  The government also mulls legislation against the exhibition of plastic boards in the state.

Meanwhile,  Minister for Urban Affairs and Welfare of Minorities,  Manjalamkuzhi Ali said that a programme to collect plastic waste from 65 municipalities at Rs 2 per kg will be launched on October 2. The programme will be inaugurated by the Chief Minister. A plan has also been chalked out to collect e-waste at Rs 5 per kg, he added.

'The Clean Company’ will collect the garbage through municipalities. Now, 1,000 tones of plastic waste remain untreated across the state on  a daily basis.

Clean Kerala will hand over the garbage collected from various municipal  wards to a private agency. Students, volunteers, social workers, casual labourers and Kudumbashree workers  will be part of the initiative.

Ali said plastic waste collection centres would be started in corporations and selected municipalities in the second phase of the project. The first centre of its kind will be launched in Kochi in October itself. The minister said a septic  treatment plant will be started in Kochi to treat septic waste.

Source - The Business Standard

September 25, 2014

Fire in Bitumen Tanks

SECTIONS of the Port of Brisbane were shut down tonight after a silo exploded and burst into flames.

As many as 12 fire crews accompanied by six specialist vehicles raced out to a bitumen company on Bulk Terminals Rd just after 6pm to find a 55-tonne tank alight.

The tank containing bitumen in liquid form had overheated, causing the explosion, which is understood to have blown the roof off the silo.

Police quickly shut down Port Drive and set up a large exclusion zone.
Firefighters managed to douse the blaze by 6.45pm but continued to battle hard to cool the silo down to ensure it would not reignite.

Within a couple of hours, all emergency services crews had left the scene. Management continued the cooling down process.

No persons were injured during the explosion, although a firefighter required the attention of paramedics on standby after sustaining a hand injury while fighting the blaze.

The male firefighter was transported to the PA Hospital with a suspected fracture.

Source- Couriermail

September 24, 2014

Cement Replacing Bitumen in India


According to local reports, the Indian government has decided to use cement instead of bitumen (a popular raw material for road construction) for all new road projects throughout the country. 




The decision is in line with a proposal by Transport Minister Nitin Gadkari, who pushed for the use of cement for road construction, as it is more durable and cheaper to maintain, despite being more expensive in the short-term.


Gadkari stated that, given the volume of work still pending in various states (and plans to achieve an average road-building capacity of 30 km per day in the next two years), the Union ministry would ensure that prices come down. 


According to reports, the ministry is set to revive the sluggish cement industry and restart four of the seven closed public sector plants as part of its aim to reduce prices and obtain cement at a cost of around Rs.160 – 170 per bag (compared to the proposed rate of Rs.350 per bag).

According to ministry officials, detailed reports will be carried out to assess the project cost of using cement. The projects will be evaluated on the basis of the life cycle cost of the project (including maintenance costs), rather than by using just the cost of construction. Cement will be used for all new projects, as long as the cost of construction of a concrete road is not more than 20% higher than that of a road constructed using bitumen, said the officials.

Source- Worldcement.com

September 19, 2014

Govt Backs Bitumen Production

Government still backing bitumen refinery

Energy Minister Frank Oberle says the PC government remains committed to the Sturgeon bitumen refinery.

Photograph by: Gavin Young , Calgary Herald

The Prentice government is fully committed to an Edmonton-area bitumen refinery despite concerns over major cost overruns, says Alberta’s new energy minister.

The government revealed this summer that it will pay $26 billion in tolls to the Sturgeon refinery — formerly known as the North West Upgrader — to process bitumen it receives as royalties over the 30-year life of the project. Previously it had committed to pay $19 billion.

In an op-ed published in the Herald this week, former Tory energy minister Ted Morton said that the hefty price tag makes “it even less likely that the investment will ever break even.”
But Frank Oberle — appointed energy minister by new Premier Jim Prentice on Monday — said the project remains profitable for the government.

“We are convinced in the value of this project and in the value it creates for our industry, for the upgrading potential it has in Alberta and the job-creating potential it has,” Oberle said in an interview Wednesday,
The project also helps the province leverage the price differential between conventional oil and bitumen, he said.

During the summer Progressive Conservative leadership campaign, Prentice said there was a strong benefit from the project because it increased upgrading and the production of diesel in Alberta.
The refinery, under construction near Fort Saskatchewan, will be operated by a partnership between North West Upgrading Inc. and Canadian Natural Upgrading Ltd., a subsidiary of Canadian Natural Resources Ltd.

Its first phase will process 50,000 barrels per day of raw bitumen under fee-for-service processing agreements with the Alberta government and CNRL.
Alberta will provide 75 per cent of the bitumen under the government’s bitumen-royalty-in-kind (BRIK) program.

jwood@calgaryherald.com